Jail BiblePMT 2014-097 by Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr.

I am continuing a postmillennial response to the evangelical claim that the church is called to suffer in history. If so, this would undermine the postmillennial hope. Postmillennial victory cannot be true if the church is always to suffer.

Now we must note:

Persecution is serious external oppression

As we reflect on this point in the debate we must bear in mind a vitally important matter: The only kind of suffering that contradicts post-millennialism is suffering rooted in dangerous external threats and oppression (especially when designed to suppress or punish the Christian faith). The New Testament era Christians are indeed a suffering people, enduring “threats and murder” (Ac 9:1–2), capital punishment (Ac 7:59; 12:1–2), and imprisonments and beatings (2Co 11:23–25), while being made a “public spectacle” and having their “property seized” (Heb 10:32–34). And were these conditions to continue until the end, postmillennialism could not be true.

If amillennialists claim the church is under persecutional suffering here in America, then we effectively discount the grievous nature of our early forefathers’ persecution, while exaggerating our own trials. [1] Reading Foxe’s Book of Martyrs (1563) quickly shows us how much better our condition is today. And since the end has not yet come, what if our (imperfect but welcome) advantageous conditions here in America were to spread throughout all the world? We know from our experience that Christianity can exist in a large-scale, long-lasting external peace from persecutional suffering.

Covenantal Theonomy
(by Ken Gentry)
A defense of theonomic ethics against a leading Reformed critic
See more study materials at:

Persecution does not always prevail

Remembering the form of persecution highlighted above, I am always surprised to hear amillennialists overstate their case when arguing that we as disciples of Christ “cannot expect anything other than oppression and persecution” (Strimple in Bock, Three Views on the Millennium, 63). Moule well notes what we all know from history: “No attentive observer can doubt that many and many a loving and humble disciple, called to lead a quiet life before the Lord in the ‘sequestered vale,’ ‘serves his generation’ with faithful diligence, and passes at last to rest, encountering scarcely one perceptible collision on the way” (Moule, Studies in II Timothy, 117).

The conditions in which Strimple himself lives contradict his bold claim. Is Strimple suffering in a way proving his point? Were his circum-stances as Professor of Systematic Theology at Westminster Theological Seminary that bad? Is his retirement really not what he had hoped it would be? If persecutional suffering is the “fundamental aspect of the church’s existence” of which nothing “is more basic to its identity,” then those of us living in America should not be identified with Christ as members of his church (Gaffin in Barker and Godfrey, Theonomy, 210–11). Where are we in America being imprisoned for our faith, being torturously beaten for our convictions, and being persecuted to death?

Finding a Vision
(by Michael Milton)
Presents a biblical vision of church ministry and involvement
See more study materials at:

Truly then, the persecution the church has experienced in history does not undercut the postmillennial hope. But there is more, and I will continue responding to the suffering church argument in my next blog. Until then, you will have to remain a suffering Christian.


1. My statement must not be construed to mean that the American condition illustrates the height of the postmillennial glory, as if our condition were all that marvelous. Nor should it suggest my blindness to the genuine suffering of Christians in many places in the world still today, especially in Islamic countries. Nowhere does postmillennialism claim that by the year 2014 the full gospel glory will be won. Until history ends postmillennialism cannot be disproved on an analysis of world conditions. In fact, most postmillennialists would agree with Warfield that “the church of the twentieth century [is] still the primitive church,” a church in its infancy. Benjamin B. Warfield, “Are They Few That be Saved?, in Warfield, Biblical and Theological Studies, 347.

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  1. Dominic August 13, 2014 at 5:45 am


    I realise that you would not approve of “newspaper exegesis”, but I’m wondering how would the recent events in the Middle East where there really are “dangerous external threats and oppression (especially when designed to suppress or punish the Christian faith)” against Christians, especially by the ISIS? Or would you see that as a sign that maybe our eschatological end is still quite a long way off?

  2. Kenneth Gentry August 13, 2014 at 6:02 am

    Though I am opposed to “newspaper exegesis,” I am not opposed to reality. The events in the Middle East are horrific. Many Christians are suffering the worst fates imaginable. And we must pray for them.

    However, regarding the eschatological implications of these events, we must remember that the definition of postmillennialism does NOT say that “before 2014 Christ’s kingdom will have won full sway in the world.” Rather, it says “before Christ returns and history ends his kingdom will have won full sway in the world.”

    Regarding the Middle East events, they should cause us to pray even more earnestly “Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.”

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